Ant kingdom
Structures of ants
Winged ants
Marriage flight
Ant Kingdom from a queen
Egg-laying by a queen
Ants are strong
Procession of ants
Ants like sweets
Ants raising insects
Slave-making ants
A fight of ants
Ant lion
Hibernation of ants
How to raise ants




























Why do some ants have wings?


Why are there winged male and female ants even though the workers are wingless?

To tell the truth, such winged ants are young individuals that will mate in the near future, and the wings are used at the time of their nuptial flight.

  A female ant of the Camponotus japonicus species which is about to take off from a blade of grass to make a nuptial flight. Ants of the Paratrechina flavipes species mate on leaves, as shown in the circled photograph; a female (right) and a male ant (left) are shown.        

Young female and male ants of the Camponotus japonicus species grow in the nests and become adults with four wings each autumn. These adults pass the winter in the nests and crawl out of there in May of the following year. These female and male ants will then mate with each other.

Mating will take place in the evening of a muggy day around May 20. To begin with, male ants will take off flying into the air as they are lighter than the females. Females, which have larger and heavier bodies, take off from a blade of grass or stones as if they have leapt from there.

Female ants fly toward a male ant by trailing the pleasant odor that he releases. In this context, it can be said that wings play a crucial role in the mating of ants. On the other hand, wings are useless for workers because they do not mate.

A male ant of the Camponotus japonicus species, which fall on a leaf to die after mating